Chromosomal Structural Changes was also reported, which has been known to cause cancer. 40% of babies born with exposure have abnormal DNA
Premature births, low birth weight, and infant
mortality increase when smog. Asthma is also
being studied as a possible outcome
“Results showed that women who lived in the
areas with the highest levels of diesel particulates
or airborne mercury were twice as likely to have a
child with autism”
During a strike at a factory in Orem in the 1980s the # of preterm babies declined. The # went back to “normal” when workers went back to work. These preterm babies are now age 27 and will offer a good insight into prenatal effects on overall health during a lifetime.
Another study conducted found pre-natal exposure to pollutants caused decreased birth rate, and head circumference in African American births
Pre-natal who were exposed to high amounts of pollution have also shown lower test scores as they age and slower cognitive abilities.
Additional evidence even suggests that pre-natal exposure can lead to pre-mature birth, early infancy death, or birth defects
PAH exposure in women has also been linked to higher rates in obesity by age 7
Air pollution can increase temporary respiratory symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, or shortness of breath. If your child has any of these symptoms, exposure to polluted air can make them worse.
Asthma, the most common chronic disorder in children, can be aggravated by air pollution. Generally researchers agree that air pollution can trigger asthma attacks and worsen asthma symptoms, but studies have not yet provided indisputable evidence that it can cause asthma to develop.
Early childhood is a critical period for the continued development and maturation of several biological systems such as the brain, lung, and immune system and air toxins can impair lung function and neurodevelopment
Children usually spend more time outside than adults. The typical adult, besides those who work outdoors, spends most of their time inside – at home, work, etc. In addition to being outside more often than adults, children are often outdoors when air pollution is at its highest.
“Due to their greater respiratory rates, children breathe a proportionately greater volume of air than adults. As a result, children inhale more pollutants per pound of body weight.”
“Children’s physiological vulnerability to air pollution arises from their narrower airways and the fact that their lungs are still developing. Irritation caused by air pollutants that would produce only a slight response in an adult can result in potentially significant obstruction in the airways of a young child.”
Current pollution levels are estimated to shorten the average persons life by two years (Comparable to smoking a pack of cigarettes a day)
Long term exposure results in 24% increase in risks of cardiovascular events in the 65,000 women studies.
76% increase in death from heart disease and 35% increased risk from stroke
Along the Wasatch Front 1000 to 2000 people die each year from direct effects of air pollution
The World Health Organization has declared smoggy air a certified cancer agent. They have also classified particulate matter, a major component of outdoor air pollution, as carcinogenic (cancer-causing) to humans. Fine particles have been linked to effects such as: cardiac arrhythmia; heart attacks; pneumonia, asthma attacks; lung cancer and bronchitis
Type II diabetes, immune suppression, inflammatory bowel disease, several types of bacterial infections, lupus, impaired fertility, sleep apnea, obesity and suicide are all more common among populations exposed to greater levels of air pollution.
Air pollution is associated with increased rates of strokes, heart attacks, rhythm disturbances and sudden death. In addition, air pollution is associated with impaired intellectual performance, and many different types of neurologic diseases.
As the body gets physically weaker, so do all the other systems at work in the body. With the loss of physical vigor, hormone levels drop, healing takes longer, and the immune system will struggle with bacteria. These are part of the reason the unhealthful pollution index will cause discomfort for a young athlete, but seniors are advised to stay indoors.
Premature death from lung and heart disease is also common.
“When air pollution levels are high, people are more likely to have a heart attack. Research shows that during periods of air pollution people with chronic lung and heart disease, such as asthma, cardiopulmonary disorder or heart failure, are especially at high risk for an exacerbation, or worsening, of their disease.”
Those with multiple cardiac risk factors should limit prolonged outdoor activity when Pm2.5 is between 20-35. When Pm2.5 has breached 35, there should be no prolonged outdoor exertion by ANYONE!
Particulate air pollution is known to accelerate atherosclerosis and inflammation. Elderly with heart diseases are most at risk
“My asthma flares up — it feels like I can’t take a deep breath,”
Will an inversion affect my newborn, my children, me or my elderly parents? Learn more about how inversions affect you and your family.
In Utah, we often worry about the effects of seasonal inversions and accompanying high levels of outdoor air pollution on our families’ health. But what about the indoor air quality between the walls of our own homes? Some of our government’s Environmental Protection Agency’s statistics on the air we breathe indoors are sobering:
–Source: EPA 1999 studies on indoor air quality
Even the most meticulous housekeeper will not be able to prevent poor indoor air quality, and smoking indoors is not the main culprit either: there are toxins emitted from many common household furnishings that can cause a variety of problems. Here is a brief overview of some of the main causes of poor indoor air quality:
Obtaining and maintaining the safest levels of indoor air quality possible should be every Utah home and commercial property owner’s goal. Superior is the premier provider of Utah air purification systems and services that will help your family breathe easier and breathe cleaner air each and every time they come home. Look to us for the very best in: